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The Ultimate Guide To Vermont Sales Tax

Welcome to our handy guide on Vermont sales tax. We'll walk you through everything you need to know, from the specific sales tax rates in different counties and cities across Vermont to answering some of the most common questions. Plus, we'll guide you on how to efficiently collect and file your sales tax in Vermont.

Sales Tax Rate


Local Rate?



Vermont Department of Taxes

Sales Threshold


Tax Line

(802) 828-2551

Transactions Threshold


What is Nexus?

You'll need to collect sales tax in Vermont if you have nexus there. There are two main ways that sellers can be tied to a state when it comes to nexus: physical, or economic.

Physical Nexus

Physical nexus means having enough tangible presence, or activity in a state to merit paying sales tax in that state.

Economic Nexus

Economic nexus means passing a states' economic threshold, for total revenue, or the number of transactions in that state.

Calculating Nexus in Vermont

Physical Nexus

You have a physical nexus if your business has a real, tangible presence in Vermont. This could be:

  • Owning or renting property, like offices, warehouses, or stores
  • Having employees or salespeople working in the state
  • Using an agent or contractor in Vermont for your business activities

Economic Nexus

Economic nexus kicks in when your sales in Vermont hit a certain level, even if you're not physically there. In Vermont, you've got an economic nexus if:

  • Your gross sales exceed $100,000, or
  • You have 200 or more separate transactions in the state over 12 months

Affiliate Nexus

Affiliate nexus happens when your business is closely linked to another company in Vermont, like a parent or sister company. This link can mean you need to handle sales tax if the Vermont-based company:

  • Sells similar products with a similar name, or
  • Uses similar trademarks or names as your out-of-state business

Click-Through Nexus

Click-through nexus is about online referrals. If a Vermont-based partner (like a blogger) sends customers to your website through a unique link, and you make over $10,000 from those referrals in a year, you've got click-through nexus.

Marketplace Nexus

Marketplace nexus involves third-party sales through platforms like Amazon. In Vermont, these marketplace facilitators are in charge of collecting and paying sales tax for their sellers, as long as they meet the state’s economic nexus criteria.

Did you know logo

Did you know In Vermont, clothing and footwear over $110 are taxable, saving fashionistas a pretty penny.

Sales Tax Registration in Vermont

How to Get Your Vermont Sales Tax Permit

You'll need to fill out the Business Tax Application (Form BR-400) to get your Vermont Sales Tax License. This form is available online through the myVTax portal, the go-to online system of the Vermont Department of Taxes.

Here's a quick guide to the process:

  • Head to the myVTax portal: Visit the myVTax portal. New users will need to create an account.
  • Start your application: Once you're logged in, find the "I Want To" section and choose "Start a New Business Tax Application."
  • Fill in the details: The form will ask for your business info, like legal name, addresses, and business type. You'll also detail your entity type (like sole proprietorship or corporation), ownership, and sales expectations.
  • Name a responsible party: Indicate who will handle your sales tax responsibilities—this could be an owner, partner, officer, or someone else authorized.
  • Submit the form: Double-check everything for accuracy, then submit. You'll get a confirmation that it's being reviewed.
  • Await your license: The Vermont Department of Taxes will review your application. Once approved, they'll send your Sales Tax License, which you should display in your business.

Cost of Registering for a Vermont Sales Tax License

Good news—it's free to register for Vermont sales tax!

Federal Tax ID for Vermont Sales Tax License

Yes, you'll need a Federal Tax ID Number or EIN for your Vermont Sales Tax License. It's used by the IRS to identify your business. If you don't have one, you can get it free from the IRS website and receive your number right away.

Other Vermont Registrations to Consider

Besides the Department of Taxes, you may need to register with the Vermont Secretary of State, especially for corporations, LLCs, partnerships, or non-profits. This establishes your legal presence in Vermont. And if you have employees, check with the Vermont Department of Labor for unemployment insurance tax and workers' compensation requirements. A business advisor or tax pro can help make sure you're all set with registrations.

Is Vermont an Origin or Destination Sales Tax State?

States fall into two categories for sales tax: origin-based or destination-based. Vermont is a destination-based state. This means you charge sales tax based on your customer's location in Vermont, not where you're selling from.

What Sales are Subject to Sales Tax in Vermont?

In Vermont, most physical items and some services are taxable. Think furniture, electronics, non-prescription drugs, and prewritten software. Plus, certain services like telecommunications and security services are on the taxable list too.

Is Software as a Service (SaaS) Taxed in Vermont?

Usually, Vermont doesn't tax Software-as-a-Service (SaaS), but there are exceptions. For instance:

  • SaaS hosted on a Vermont-based customer's server is taxable.
  • Custom SaaS is not taxed.
  • Regular SaaS accessed remotely and not installed locally isn't taxed. If you're unsure about your SaaS, it's a good idea to talk to a tax expert.

What is Exempt from Vermont Sales Tax?

Vermont has exemptions, including:

  • Prescription drugs and some medical equipment
  • Certain groceries
  • Clothing and footwear under $110 per item
  • Farm machinery and equipment
  • Some fuels and utilities Keep in mind, exemptions can change, so stay updated by checking the Vermont Department of Taxes website.

Who is Eligible for Vermont Sales Tax Exemptions?

Exemptions apply to certain groups, like:

  • Non-profits (charities, educational, religious)
  • Government agencies
  • Farmers (for agricultural purchases)
  • Manufacturers (for production-related purchases)

What To Do If Your Customer is Exempt from Sales Tax in Vermont?

When a customer is tax-exempt, get a completed Vermont Exemption Certificate from them. Keep this on file to cover yourself for that tax.

What if You Lose a Vermont Sales Tax Exemption Certificate?

If you misplace a Vermont Sales Tax Exemption Certificate, get a new one from your customer pronto. Without it, you might be on the hook for any sales tax not collected. Better safe than sorry in the sales tax world!

Did you know logo

Did you know Maple syrup is tax-free in Vermont, because it's the state's liquid gold.

Your filing schedule for Vermont sales tax depends on how much tax you collect, as assigned by the Vermont Department of Taxes. It could be monthly, quarterly, or annually, based on your sales tax liability.

Monthly Filing

If your annual sales tax collection exceeds $2,501, file and pay monthly. Due by the 25th of the following month.

Quarterly Filing

If you collect between $501 and $2,500 annually, file and pay quarterly. Deadlines are April 25, July 25, October 25, and January 25.

Annual Filing

If you collect less than $1,000 monthly, file and pay annually. Due by January 25 of the following year.

What If a Filing Date Falls on a Weekend or Holiday?

No rush if the due date falls on a weekend or holiday. It automatically moves to the next business day.

How to File a Vermont Sales Tax Return

Filing is key to staying on the right side of tax regulations. Here’s a quick guide:

  • Log into myVTax: Head to the myVTax portal, Vermont's online filing system.
  • Choose the right form: Find "File a Return" under "I Want To". Most businesses use Form SUT-451.
  • Complete the form: Provide details like total sales, exempt sales, and collected tax.
  • Double-check: Review your form for accuracy.
  • Submit and pay: After checking, submit your return and pay the tax due via EFT, credit card, or debit card.
  • Remember to file a "zero return": even if there were no sales to maintain your account status.

Penalties for Late Filing in Vermont

Late filing or payment can lead to a 5% monthly penalty (max 25%). Underpayment incurs a 1% monthly penalty. Interest accrues on unpaid tax from the due date until payment. Sales Tax Incentives in Vermont

Vermont offers incentives like the Sales Tax Reallocation program for infrastructure financing and the VEPC TIF program for municipal infrastructure financing. For up-to-date info, visit the Vermont Department of Taxes or consult a tax professional.

Navigating the tax landscape of Vermont reveals a well-defined system designed to support both the state's fiscal needs and the operational requirements of businesses. Vermont's approach to sales tax, including its rates and specific administrative processes, offers insights into the state's fiscal policies and their impact on commerce and daily life.

Overview of Vermont Sales Tax The Vermont sales tax is a crucial component of the state's revenue system, levied on the sale of most goods and services. This tax is instrumental in funding public services and infrastructure projects within the state. The Vermont state sales tax rate sets the baseline for the tax applied to purchases, providing a clear guideline for both consumers and businesses on the expected tax burden.

Understanding the Sales Tax Rate in Vermont The sales tax rate in Vermont is determined by the state and serves as a uniform rate applied across various transactions. This uniformity simplifies the calculation of taxes owed on purchases, making it easier for businesses to comply with tax collection requirements and for consumers to understand the final cost of their purchases.

Businesses operating in Vermont need to be particularly mindful of the Vermont sales tax rate as it directly affects pricing strategies and the overall cost to the consumer. Staying informed about the current sales tax rate in Vermont is essential for accurate accounting and financial planning.

Administrative Aspects of Vermont Sales Tax

For businesses, managing sales tax obligations in Vermont involves several administrative tasks, including the registration for and use of the Vermont sales tax login. This online portal is designed to streamline the filing and payment of sales taxes, offering businesses an efficient and accessible means of fulfilling their tax obligations.

Additionally, the Vermont resale certificate plays a crucial role for businesses engaged in the sale of goods intended for resale. This certificate allows businesses to purchase inventory without paying sales tax at the point of purchase, preventing the cascading effect of taxation that would increase the final cost to consumers. Obtaining and managing a Vermont resale certificate is a critical step for businesses looking to optimize their tax handling processes.

Does Vermont Have Sales Tax?

Yes, Vermont does have a sales tax, and understanding its implications is vital for both residents and businesses. The presence of sales tax in Vermont influences purchasing decisions and requires businesses to adhere to specific collection and remittance protocols.

In Conclusion

Navigating the Vermont sales tax system requires a thorough understanding of the Vermont sales tax rate, administrative processes such as the Vermont sales tax login, and the proper use of tools like the Vermont resale certificate. Whether you're a consumer trying to understand "What is sales tax in Vermont?" or a business managing "Sales tax in Vermont," staying informed and compliant with state regulations is key to ensuring smooth financial operations and supporting the state's economic infrastructure through responsible tax contribution.

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